Acta Pharm. 71 (2021) 57-79

 

full paper

Original research paper

 

An analytical “quality by design” approach in RP-HPLC method development and validation for reliable and rapid estimation of irinotecan in an injectable formulation

NAVYA AJITKUMAR BHASKARAN, LALIT KUMAR, M SREENIVASA REDDY and GIRISH PAI K

lk.kundlas@gmail.com

Department of Pharmaceutics, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal 576104, Udupi, Karnataka, India

Accepted April 2, 2020

Published online April 21, 2020

 

The objective of the present study was to develop a robust, simple, economical and sensitive HPLC-UV method using the “quality-by-design” approach for the estimation of irinotecan (IRI) in marketed formulations. RP-HPLC method was developed by applying Box-Behnken design with HyperClone (Phenomenex®) C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm id, particle size 5 µm, ODS 130 Ĺ) as a stationary phase. Acetonitrile and 20 mmol L–1 potassium phosphate buffer (pH 2.5) containing 0.1 % triethylamine in a ratio of 45:55 % (V/V) was used as a mobile phase. The sample was injected in a volume of 20 µL into the HPLC system. UV detector at 254 nm was used to estimate and quantify IRI. Isocratic elution was opted while the flow rate was maintained at 0.75 mL min–1. The retention time of IRI was found to be 4.09 min. The responses were found to be linear for concentration range of 0.5 to 18.0 µg mL–1 and the coefficient of determination value was found to be 0.9993. Percent relative standard deviation for intra- and inter-day precisions was found in the range of 0.1 to 0.4 %. LOD and LOQ values were found to be 4.87 and 14.75 ng mL–1, resp. Robustness studies confirmed that the developed method is robust with RSD of a maximum 0.1 %. The method is simple, precise, sensitive, robust and economical making it applicable to the estimation of IRI in an injectable formulation.

 

Keywords: irinotecan, HPLC-UV, “quality by design”, full factorial design, Box-Behnken design