Acta Pharm. 69 (2019) 287-296


full paper

Short communication


The absorption of oral morroniside in rats: In vivo, in situ and in vitro studies


1 Institute of Materia Medica, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, China

2 Key Laboratory for Biotech-Drugs Ministry of Health, Jinan, China

3 Key Laboratory for Rare & Uncommon Diseases of Shandong Province, Jinan, China

4 Key Laboratory of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Beijing Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Beijing, China


Accepted October 14, 2018

Published online November 9, 2018


Morroniside is one of the most important iridoid glycosides from Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc. In the present study, the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability studies of morroniside were conducted on Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. A rat in situ intestinal perfusion model was used to characterize the absorption of morroniside. Caco-2 cells were used to examine the transport mechanisms of morroniside. The pharmacokinetic study of morroniside exhibited linear dose-proportional pharmacokinetic characteristics and low bioavailability (4.3 %) in SD rats. Its average Peff value for transport across the small intestinal segments changed from (3.09 2.03) 106 to (4.53 0.94) 106 cm s1. In Caco-2 cells, the Papp values ranged from (1.61 0.53) 109 to (1.19 0.22) 107 cm s1 for the apical to basolateral side and the Pratio values at three concentrations were all lower than 1.16. Morroniside showed poor absorption and it might not be a specific substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp).


Keywords: morroniside, pharmacokinetics, absorption, rats, in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion, Caco-2 cell