Acta Pharm. 57 (2007) 499-504
Essential oil composition of Teucrium scordium L.
Katayoun Morteza-Semnani, Majid Saeedi and Mohammad Akbarzadeh
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Research Center of Natural Resources of Mazandaran, Sari, Iran
Accepted October 12, 2007
Composition of the essential oil obtained from dried flowering aerial parts of Teucrium scordium L. (Labiatae) was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Fifty-six components were identified in the essential oil of T. scordium. The major constituents of the oil were b-caryophyllene (22.8%), (E)-b-farnesene (10.4%), caryophyllene oxide (8.6%), 1,8-cineole (6.1%) and b-eudesmol (5.1%).
Keywords: Teucrium scordium (Labiatae), essential oil, b-caryophyllene, (E)-b-farnesene, caryophyllene oxide